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Amritsar


Amritsar, India, a Historical place

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About Amritsar

Amritsar: The Golden City

Seen as the heart of the state of Punjab. More so because it is the hub of Sikhism, which is the predominant religion in the Punjab. It has a cold winters and warm summers.

The cultural and spiritual center of Sikh religion, the golden city of Amritsar is one of the places in India without visiting which your trip of India remains incomplete. The city of Amritsar got its name from “Amrita Sarovar” (pool of elixir) amidst which stands the Golden Temple the most sacred Sikh shrine. Amritsar has a rich history from the age of Ramayana to the Freedom movement of India.

Amritsar is traditional city known for its hospitality. It has gained tremendous popularity for dhabas (roadside eatery) that churn out, amongst an inexhaustible list of delicacies, irresistible kulchas, chola-bhaturas, tandoori chicken and fried fish. 

The climate of the Amritsar is characterized by general dryness except in the brief south –west monsoon season. The cold season is from November to March. The period from April to June is the hot season. The south-west monsoon season is from about the beginning of July to the first week of September. The best time to visit Amritsar is between October and March. The city is having a well connectivity by train, road and air routes.

Here is a list of major attractions in Amritsar:

The Golden Temple(Harmandir Shahib): The Golden Temple is most sacred of Sikh shrines. The temple got its name from the full golden dome. It is built of 67 sq. ft. of marble and is two storied structure. Maharaja Ranjit Singh had its dome built with approx. 400 kg of gold. The temple is splendid example of Sikh art and architecture. The inner walls of dome, the doors exhibit embossed gold work. The marble has been engraved with beautiful designs of birds, animals, flowers covered with semi-precious stones. The Guru Granth Sahib (Holy Book of Sikhs) is enshrined on the ground floor, in a room embellished with splendid frescoes

The clock tower situated in temple complex is the Central Sikh Museum. The temple is also famous for ‘Guru Ka Langar’ which offers free food to about 20,000 people per day, the number rises to about 100,000 on special occasions. Visitors should remove their shoes and cover their heads before entering the temple .The temple is less crowded in early morning.

Gobindgarh Fort: This is the only surviving fort from the times of Maharaja Ranjit Singh. It has couple of gateways, huge walls which are fortified from both sides. The basic shape of the Fort was that of a square and it was built on 1500 sq. m. The British government after conquering the fort built the Darbar Hall, Hawa Mahal and the hanging place, known as Phansi Ghar.

Ram Bagh Palace-Garden:  Ram Bagh memorizes the summer capital of first Sikh Ruler Maharaja Ranjit Singh .The garden is modeled on the famed Shalimar garden of Lahore.  It boasts rare plants and trees, water channels, and a statue of Maharaja Ranjit Singh seated on a horse. Amidst the peaceful garden is built the two storied luxurious summer palace of Ranjit Singh. The Palace is now converted into museum displaying a splendid exhibition from Ranjit Singh’s life and expeditions, as well as, his personal sword, shield and replicas of a golden throne and the Kohinoor diamond.

Wagah Border: Wagah border is the international border between India and Pakistan. It lies 30 km from Amritsar. The ceremonial display of the Beating Retreat and Change of Guard at feet’s distance makes it an extraordinary spectacle. This ceremony was started in 1959 and continues today. Around 5,000 people visit Wagah border everyday.

Durgiana Temple: This temple dates back to 16th century AD. It is dedicated to Hindu goddess Durga and hence known as Durgiana temple.

Jallianwalah Bagh: The Bagh is marked by a Martyrs’ Memorial built in the shape of an eternal flame to remember the innocents who died in Jallianwala Bagh Massacre on April 13, 1919. A section of the wall, pock-marked by bullets, as also the well, has been preserved as a reminder of the tragic event.

Ram Tirth: It is believed to be the ashram of sage Valmiki who wrote the “Ramayana” here. People never forget to visit Ram Tirth which had been a witness to the birth of the sons of King Rama. Making a special place in the holy scripts of ancient religions. Khair-ud-Din Masjid is also famous for Muslims and people use to visit it in large number whole year.

Another attraction to visit is Devi temple which have its own importance in history. If one dreams of legendary living he can visit Summer Palace of Maharaja Ranjit Singh, which is in the Ram Bagh park. Now the palace houses a museum, exhibiting oil paintings, miniatures, coins and weapons of the Sikh period, which travelers love to watch.

Apart for tourism Amritsar is also famous for its Punjabi food. It is famous for Kulchas, lassi and jalebi. People also love to enjoy religious music at Gurudwara shahidan

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  • Nearest airport is Amritsar, India (ATQ-Raja Sansi Intl.)

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Hotels at Amritsar


View Hotel Hyatt-Regency-AmritsarExterior detail
Adjoining Alpha One City Center, Baba Bakala

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A stay at Hyatt Regency Amritsar places you in the heart of Amritsar, a 3-minute drive from Mall of Amritsar and 8 m.....

Starts at EUR 65/night

View Hotel Radisson-Blu-Hotel-AmritsarMeeting Facility
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8.3
Airport Road, Baba Bakala

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With a stay at Radisson Blu Hotel Amritsar in Amritsar, you'll be near the airport, and 7.5 mi (12.1 km) from Golden.....

Starts at EUR 56/night

View Hotel Golden-Tulip-AmritsarRooftop Pool
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8.5
8 G.T. Road, Model Town, Baba Bakala

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With a stay at Golden Tulip Amritsar, you'll be centrally located in Amritsar, within a 15-minute drive of Golden Te.....

Starts at EUR 49/night

View Hotel Best-Western-MerrionHotel Front - Evening/Night
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8.1
45 District Shopping Complex B-block, Amritsar

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In the heart of Amritsar, Best Western Merrion is close to Gobindgarh Fort and Durgiana Temple. This 4-star hotel i.....

Starts at EUR 56/night

View Hotel MK-HotelStaircase
District Shopping Complex, Baba Bakala

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With a stay at MK Hotel in Amritsar, you'll be within a 10-minute drive of Mata Lal Devi Temple and Maharaja Ranjit .....

Starts at EUR 45/night

View Hotel Ramada-AmritsarBathroom
117 Hall Bazaar, Amritsar

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A stay at Ramada Amritsar places you in the heart of Amritsar, walking distance from Gandhi Gate and Hall Bazar. Th.....

Starts at EUR 56/night

View Hotel Holiday-Inn-Amritsar-Ranjit-AvenueGuestroom
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8
Block B, District Shopping Centre, Baba Bakala

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Located in Amritsar, Holiday Inn Amritsar Ranjit Avenue is in the business district, within a 15-minute drive of Kha.....

Starts at EUR 65/night

View Hotel Humble-Hotel-AmritsarGuestroom
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6.7
18 Krishna Nagar, Lawrence Road, Baba Bakala

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A stay at Humble Hotel Amritsar places you in the heart of Amritsar, a 5-minute drive from Maharaja Ranjit Singh Pan.....

Starts at EUR 46/night

View Hotel Hotel-Narula's-AurrumJetted Tub
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6.4
Narula's Mall, Mall Road, Baba Bakala

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Located in Amritsar, Hotel Narula's Aurrum is connected to a shopping center, a 2-minute drive from Maharaja Ranjit .....

Starts at EUR 29/night

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Amritsar, India

2 Days Trip
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The famous and legendary Golden Temple requires no introduction. The famous tourist destination of India apart from attracting tourists from all over the world also serves a primary purpose as a pilgrimage destination for the Sikh community. The sanctum santorum boasts of one of the most serene and gorgeous architectural feats and the street food sold around the temple is certainly one of the best street foods that you can opt for in the whole of the North India.

Tips:

I would recommend you to visit the Gurudwara once in the day time and once during the night time as while the bright and shiny temple during the day looks nothing less than heavenly, the temple during the night time with all those lights on it and a shimmering golden shadow on the water surrounding it gives it a fairy-tale like and a calm appearance.

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